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Do you want to try painting in soft pastel but you are not sure where to start? Check out these basic pastel painting techniques to get you going.

柔和的粉彩是最有趣的绘画媒介之一:它是直接的,它不需要任何准备,你不需要等待它干燥,你不需要任何其他材料。

所有人都可以使用柔和的粉彩:一套基本的粉彩不需要花费太多质量通常都很不错。你还在等什么?给自己找个小盒子,看看下面粉彩的基本技巧,自己试试。如果你因为不知道该做什么而不愿意开始:那么这篇文章就是为了帮助你。

You will learn the most by simply doing. The more you play around with soft pastel, the more you will get a feel for what these little coloured sticks can do for you. So after your first and hesitant marks, keep going, keep at it, make mistakes, pick yourself up and try again. You will discover that pastel painting is endless fun (and messy!).

粉彩基本技法

Sophie Ploeg博客粉彩灰尘

垂直工作

我看到的粉彩画家最常见的错误就是平淡地工作。粉彩画会产生灰尘,最终会堆积在你的艺术作品上,妨碍你正确地看到你的画。当你平平淡淡地工作时,你也很容易用自己的手弄脏你的作品。避免毁了你的工作,把你的画板靠在墙上,一堆书上,或者使用画架。任何粉笔灰尘都会整齐地落在窗台上,你的手将远离纸张。如果你需要支撑你的手,试着用mahl stick(任何棍子都可以)。

索菲·普洛格博客粉彩技巧

使用提示

The most obvious way to use soft pastel sticks is to use it upright, like a pencil. This will create a line. You can vary your line in length; short lines for sketchy effects and long lines for bigger gestures. You can also vary how much pressure you put on your pastel stick. A feather light touch will create subtle marks, while more pressure will leave lots of colour and expression on your paper. Why not try them both?

索菲·普洛格博客粉彩技巧

平边工作

Although it might feel natural to use a pastel stick as a pencil, holding it upright, it can be very effective to use the flat side of the pastel too (remove the label first). With the flat side you can create wide strokes, covering much larger areas with colour. You can make short strokes or long strokes and make 'blocking in' (putting in the main colours and shapes) a much quicker process. If you keep on using the flat side you can create very expressive paintings. Give it a go!

索菲·普洛格博客粉彩技巧

Blending

柔和粉彩的一个独特特点是你可以混合颜色。你可以使用混合来软化一种颜色,使它看起来更均匀、柔和和平坦,或者将颜色混合在一起(形成新的颜色)。混合可以是非常多功能的!用你的手指,一些厨房毛巾,一块布,棉花糖或一个火炬来混合。你可以创造惊人的软和微妙的效果与混合。混合是非常流行的许多粉彩艺术家,但我要警告不要使用太多。如果混合太多,你会有失去所有纹理和特征的风险。当并非所有的东西都一样柔软时,柔软效果最好。所以改变你的方法,少用混合。

索菲·普洛格博客粉彩技巧

Layering and Mixing

If you don't put too much pressure on your pastel strokes and try to maintain a light touch, you can layer another colour over it. This way you can mix your colours and create new colours, but you can also add darker or lighter areas, a hint of colour here and there and generally create more depth and interest. With a good sanded paper (like Art Spectrum彩色修复,或Uart)可以添加许多层。在更光滑的纸上(比如安格尔,或蒂齐亚诺)你将无法添加许多层,你将结束与泥。所以小心点,但试试看!

索菲·普洛格博客粉彩技巧

硬和软蜡笔

有许多不同类型的软性粉彩,但主要的区别在于它们的柔软性。有些牌子非常柔软和油腻,有些牌子更硬,感觉更像铅笔。你可以在你的绘画中同时使用所有的类型,但是你会发现许多粉彩艺术家在绘画的第一层使用较硬的粉彩,并且是为了小而精细的细节。非常柔软的粉彩经常用于绘画的最后一层。当然,你也可以用柔和的粉彩或粉彩。完全由你决定。硬粉笔(和粉笔,通常是相当硬的)不适合非常软的粉彩。他们会刮掉纸上的柔和的粉彩,自己也不会留下太多的痕迹。如果你是一个完全的初学者,做实验,看看什么是有效的,什么不起作用,或者让它对你自己更容易一点,坚持一种类型的粉彩。

索菲·普洛格博客粉彩技巧

Mixed Media

If you are into mixed media, pastels are hard to beat. Make sure you are using a good paper that can take a bit of punishment, but then you can try applying pastel over an underpainting of acrylics, watercolour or gouache. You can also extend your pastel strokes with a wet brush. Pastels do not sit well on top of oils however and they are best applied on top of other media. Why not combine it with collage, pencils and watercolour? Have fun!


粉彩菜鸟?

在苏菲的帮助下练习和学习!粉彩馆是一个在线粉彩课程,非常适合初学者(和更高级的)。学习马克制作技术,绘画基础,并得到大量的实践。加入私人社区寻求支持和鼓励,结交新朋友。

Sound good?


关于作者

Sophie is an artist, art historian, tutor, author and blogger. She writes on oil and pastel painting, art history and the life of an artist. She paints portraits and still life and specialises in painting drapery and lace.

更多内容请阅读。。。

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